ABLE Accounts: A Valuable Financial Solution For People With Disabilities
Achieving a Better Life Experience or ABLE accounts are tax-advantaged savings accounts for individuals with disabilities and their families. These accounts help disabled people pay qualified disability-related expenses without affecting their eligibility for government assistance programs. Here are some key things people should know about these accounts. Annual contribution limit
The 2021 limit is $15,000.
Certain employed ABLE account beneficiaries may make an additional contribution up to the lesser of these amounts:
The designated beneficiary's compensation for the tax year.
The poverty line for a one-person household. For 2021, this amount is $12,880 in the continental U.S., $16,090 in Alaska and $14,820 in Hawaii.
ABLE account designated beneficiaries may be eligible to claim the saver's credit for a percentage of their contributions.
The beneficiary claims the credit on Form 8880, Credit for Qualified Retirement Savings Contributions. The saver's credit is a non-refundable credit available to individuals who meet these three requirements:
Are at least 18 years old at the close of the taxable year
Are not a dependent or a full-time student
Meet the income requirements
Rollovers and transfers from section 529 plans
Families may roll over funds from a 529 plan to another family member's ABLE account.
The ABLE account must be for the same beneficiary as the 529 account or for a member of the same family as the 529 account holder. Rollovers from a section 529 plan count toward the annual contribution limit. For example, the $15,000 annual contribution limit would be met by parents contributing $10,000 to their child's ABLE account and rolling over $5,000 from a 529 plan to the same ABLE account.
Qualified disability expenses
States can offer ABLE accounts to help people who become disabled before age 26 or their families pay for disability-related expenses. These expenses include housing, education, transportation, health, prevention and wellness, employment training and support, assistive technology and personal support services.
Though contributions aren't deductible for federal tax purposes, distributions, including earnings, are tax-free to the beneficiary, if they are used to pay qualified disability expenses.